In recent years, intelligent manufacturing equipment industry by the national attention, issued a series of policies to encourage intelligent policy support the rapid development of manufacturing equipment. In order to better understand the development of intelligent manufacturing equipment in our country, to be analyzed from four aspects of the development of intelligent manufacturing equipment industry background, industry development status, industry segments, trends.
intelligent manufacturing equipment industry context of the global Intelligent Manufacturing rise of China has become the world’s factory, manufacturing industry is the pillar industry in China, but technical differences with the developed countries, so that our country can only be engaged in labor-intensive industries, low efficiency, low profit. So intelligent manufacturing equipment manufacturing industry is the key to transformation and upgrading. Because the main features of intelligent manufacturing equipment manufacturing production systems reflects the intelligence, means increased productivity essence, China will also develop. Future, intelligent manufacturing equipment industry will also develop automation, factory automation construction is the trend. Intelligent manufacturing equipment is a perception, analysis, manufacturing equipment collectively reasoning, decision-making and control functions, it is the advanced manufacturing technology, information technology and intelligent technology integration and product integration in equipment, reflecting the manufacturing of intelligent, digital and network development requirements. The level of intelligent manufacturing equipment of today has become an important symbol to measure a country’s level of industrialization. The reason to promote the rapid development of China’s intelligent manufacturing industry, mainly there is a big difference for the country’s manufacturing sector and developed countries, because of lack of independent innovation, industrial structure and relatively backward, excessive consumption of energy and other disadvantages, so our lower labor costs, can only be engaged low-end manufacturing, less efficient and less income. While manufacturing value chain controlled by developed countries, can obtain high profits. Therefore, the manufacturing power to build a “green trade barriers”, “technical barriers”, through market access and strict restrictions, suppress the production and marketing of products manufactured in less developed countries. Especially in recent years, with the United States, and the United States in order to ensure full use of technology, increasing technological innovation, and constantly develop new products. And the United States is currently working to revitalize the manufacturing sector. Tax reform by the end of 2017, the US corporate tax rate will be reduced from 35-21%, so that enterprises will be part of the production to the wishes of the United States has been enhanced CONTROL ENGINEERING China Copyright , resulting in serious manufacturing to China threat. China manufacturing and the gap between developed mainly in the following three aspects. First, independent innovationNew problems. China’s equipment manufacturing industry in independent innovation is obviously insufficient, completely independent intellectual property rights of technology products scarcity, less original technology and basic research, key technology and core components dependent on imports from high external dependence. Second, the industrial structure to be improved. Reflected in the low-end industries with excess capacity , the ability to protect the high-end industry can not be effectively met, especially in terms of advanced equipment and key components, high-performance materials and high technology manufacturing processes, leading to China’s equipment manufacturing industry in the low-end market homogeneity serious competition. Third, greater energy consumption. Due to the extensive long-term development, but also subject to the environmental protection technology development, investment in environmental protection, corporate social responsibility system construction and manufacturing industries such as lack of developed countries were quite different. Upgrading the manufacturing industries for two reasons. First, from the world’s manufacturing powerhouse technological advantages Pressure: US ability to innovate world-famous, have a place at the forefront of the field of major development of the fourth industrial revolution emerging technologies. Efforts are being made to revive the US manufacturing sector. Tax reform by the end of 2017, the US corporate tax rate will be reduced from 35-21%, so that enterprises will be part of the production to the wishes of the United States has been enhanced. Second, pressure from industrial transfer and the new international trade protectionism: the low-end manufacturing in developed countries to developing countries and by controlling the value of the quasi-high-end manufacturing, to obtain high profits hole, but only in developing countries harvest less profitable. Although the Chinese equipment self-sufficiency rate reached 85%, but mainly concentrated in the low end. Chinese high-end equipment manufacturing industry and foreign technology gap at least 10 years.
field of high-end imported equipment accounted for the situation although China has become a big manufacturing country, but the “big but not strong” is still plagued by the development of the main contradiction of China’s manufacturing industry, according to the China Federation of Machinery Industry data shows that in the high-end equipment field, 80% of our integrated circuit chip manufacturing equipment, 40% of large-scale petrochemical equipment, 70% of car manufacturing key equipment and advanced intensive farming equipment still rely on imports. Although the Chinese equipment self-sufficiency rate reached 85%, but mainly concentrated in the low end. Chinese high-end equipment manufacturing industry and foreign technology gap at least 10 years. Equipment manufacturing industry is the State of the weighing, it is the cornerstone of the manufacturing sector. United States, Germany, Britain, Japan and other developed countries have implemented the “re-industrialization” strategy to revitalize the manufacturing sector as the core, promulgatedA series of national strategies for smart manufacturing as the core.
national industrial strategy
The state encourages the development of intelligent manufacturing policy support has intensified, intelligent manufacturing industry usher in a great development opportunity. Whether it is the top-level national policy system, or the details of policy guidance from the corresponding provisions are introduced in the following table.
Since 2015, China Intelligent Manufacturing policy incomplete summary
November 2018, the National Bureau of Statistics released the “strategic new industry classification (2018),” intelligent manufacturing equipment industry has been included in the strategic emerging industry. Intelligent manufacturing equipment industry mainly includes the following aspects.
intelligent manufacturing equipment industry coverage
diminishing demographic dividend diminishing demographic dividend: an aging population, high wages lead to the weakening labor advantage, Intelligent Manufacturing increase productivity imperative. In recent years, Chinese labor force decreasing year by year, 2013 Chinese labor force was 73.9%, is expected to 2023 will fall to about 70% left. At the same time , in recent years, China’s average annual urban private sector workers wages rising in 2010, a breakthrough in 2018 the national urban private sector employment year average wage is 49,574 yuan, compared with last year increase 3814 yuan, a nominal increase of 8.3%, rising labor costs force companies to take the initiative to choose intelligent equipment to save labor costs. With the development of technology, and production of industrial robots continue to reduce costs, reduce the cost recovery period year by year, from 2012 cost recovery period is 5.2 years, 2020 is expected to drop to 0.77 years. Development Status intelligent manufacturing equipment market intelligent manufacturing industrial equipment industry chain of intelligent manufacturing equipment refers to a perception, analysis, reasoning, decision making, control of manufacturing equipment function, which is an advanced manufacturing technology, integration and depth of integration of information technology and intelligent technology. Intelligent manufacturing equipment, has formed a complete industrial chain, including key infrastructure components, intelligent high-end equipment, intelligent measurement and control equipment and integrated equipment of the four major aspects.
Intelligent Manufacturing Systems Integration
“four regions” cluster pattern initially apparent from the regional competition of intelligent equipment industry point of view, at present, China’s intelligent manufacturing equipment industrial base mainly in the more developed regions. In the wind blowing policy, our country isIn the formation of the Pearl River Delta, Yangtze River Delta, Bohai Sea and the Midwest four industrial parks, industrial clusters will further enhance the country’s level of development intelligent manufacturing. Bohai Rim: relying on local resources and human resources, form a “core area” and “wings” dislocation development of the industry pattern. Among them, Beijing in the software industry and Internet services highlight the advantages of intelligent manufacturing. Yangtze River Delta: cultivate outstanding number of advantages and distinctive features intelligent manufacturing equipment industry clusters, intelligent manufacturing development level is relatively balanced. PRD: speed up the machine replaced, and gradually developed into a “Made in China” the main front. Among them, Guangzhou and intelligent robots around the core area of the construction equipment industry, Shenzhen focus on building robots, wearable device industry manufacturing base, international cooperation base and innovative services base. Midwest: behind the eastern regions of automation is still in the stage, relying on universities and research institutes advantages to advanced laser industry for the development of intelligent manufacturing “bright spots”, developed a technology leader and prominent features of advanced laser industry.
“four regions” cluster pattern
intelligent high-end equipment market share in high-end equipment at the core of the intelligent link in economic restructuring upgrade our country, it is important to support the national economy and national defense construction, is to promote industrial restructuring and upgrading the key engine. In recent years, China’s high-carbonyl intelligent equipment still holds the highest share of critical infrastructure components share increase.
2015– China intelligent manufacturing equipment industry structure
3 major problems exist intelligent manufacturing equipment First, there is a gap compared with developed countries by 2017. Weak technological innovation ability of intelligent manufacturing equipment industry of China , novel sensing, advanced control and other core technology controlled by others, in the new technology and new product development, with the majority still advanced foreign technology companies development, technically still a gap. Second, enterprises are small, weak competitiveness. Intelligent manufacturing equipment industry in China started late, the advantages of a small number of domestic enterprises, small industrial organization structure, weak competitiveness, lack of backbone enterprises with international competitiveness, only a few enterprises to a certain strength. Third, weak industrial base, lack of support within the industry. Weak foundation intelligent manufacturing equipment industry, supporting companies within the industry overall strength is weak. Some competitive enterprises to achieve a breakthrough in the overall technology and integration capabilities of the system, but some manufacturers still lack the core components of domestic enterprises withSets support, is still subject to foreign enterprises. Intelligent manufacturing equipment industry segments, according to the Deloitte survey found that Chinese industrial enterprises in the deployment of intelligent manufacturing five major focus were: the digital factory (63%), and user equipment worth digging (62%), industrial things (48%), reconstruction ecology and business models (36%) and artificial intelligence (21%). From the technical point of view relevant, related technology companies surveyed are concerned about include industrial software, sensor technology, communications technology, artificial intelligence, networking, big data analysis.
respondents are concerned about the technology
intelligent manufacturing companies surveyed deploy key areas
rising labor costs of industrial robots is a major factor in promoting the electronics industry machine substitutions; at the same time , with the acceleration of the localization process of industrial robots has brought a decline in the price of industrial robots. According to the global forecasting and quantitative analysis firm Oxford Economics (Oxford Economics) released a report, expected in the next 10 years, robots will replace the world’s 20 million manufacturing jobs, each new robot into the labor market, will average 1.6 Manufacturing workers were replaced. Among them, China has accounted for one-fifth of the world’s industrial robots, each of the three entering the labor market there is a new robot installation in China. By 2030, China will have 14 million robots are in use, compared with other regions of the world leader. Chinese industrial robots developed rapidly, accounting for about one-third of the global market share for six consecutive years to become the world’s largest application market. 2018, China’s industrial robot production reached 148,000 units, accounting for more than 38% of global production. Subject to the slowdown in demand downstream industries – the auto industry ushered in 28 years of sales decline for the first time, 3C industry growth also fell significantly in the first half 2019, the industry is weak growth in orders, production continued to decline, only 7.5 million units, down margin of 10.1%. However, according to China Electronics Association data show that the first half of 2019, the global robot market size of $ 14.4 billion, of which China robot market size of $ 4.25 billion, accounting for 29.5%, the actor is still an important role in the world.
2012–2019 China’s industrial robots Output and Growth Rate
2013 – Chinese industrial robot market in 2019Field scale
the Internet industry can achieve intelligent intelligent manufacturing the entire value chain of the manufacturing sector, while the industrial manufacture of intelligent Internet is critical infrastructure. June 12, 2018, the Ministry of publicity of the “2018 Internet innovation industrial development projects to support the proposed project,” indicates that the Internet has entered a substantive stage of industrial development. In 2018 the scale of China’s Internet market industry reached 531.3 billion yuan CONTROL ENGINEERING China Copyright , according to industry estimates China’s Internet Industry Alliance, 2020 the market size will reach trillion magnitude.
2014– 2020 China Internet Industry Market Size and Forecast
all kinds of enterprises to step up the layout, to seize the high ground. As an important starting point to promote the integration of manufacturing and development of the Internet, the concept and importance of industrial internet platform is gradually being recognized by the industry, the global industry body active distribution of various types of industrial internet platform to seize the commanding heights of development. Driven by factors of policy and technology, China has emerged a number of industrial internet platform, complete industrial system has been specifically shown below.
Industrial Internet platform
Artificial intelligence + manufacturing – to create a “Chi-made” new form. China AI towards the 2.0 stage, linked through the Internet a huge intelligence system marked. From the point of view of intelligent manufacturing, artificial intelligence technology is in-depth transformation of the manufacturing industry. A new generation of artificial intelligence technology and the real economy of the manufacturing depth of integration, application market to become a major bright spot, gave birth to intelligent equipment, intelligent factories, intelligence services and other application scenarios, create some new demands, new industries, new automated format.
AI + Intelligent Manufacturing
AI industry over the scale of China 40 billion. In recent years, China Artificial Intelligence industry has developed rapidly, with according to Chinese Academy of ICT data, 2015 to 2018, Chinese industrial scale artificial intelligence compound average growth rate of 54.6%, higher than the global average (about 36%). 2018, China Artificial Intelligence industry market has reached 41.55 billion yuan. Among them, business and technology integration programs, key technology research and application development platform for two applications, according to fiery. According to a new generation of Chinese Academy of Development of Artificial Intelligence in May 2019 release of “China’s NewGeneration Artificial Intelligence Technology Industry Development Report (2019) “data, as of February 2019, artificial intelligence companies are widely distributed in 18 application areas, the above-mentioned two areas accounted for the highest number of enterprises, 15.7% and 10.5%, respectively.
2015 – 2018 Artificial Intelligence industry in China scale
China Artificial Intelligence enterprise applications distributed
3D printing 3D printing – the rise of intelligent manufacturing methods. 3D printing is not just cool cutting-edge technology, innovative manufacturing sector is expected to “potential shares.” It combines the advantages of flexible and efficient mass production and manual production, the whole process can be introduced into the manufacturing of 3D printing, can achieve high efficiency and low cost manufacturing process represents the future direction of development of intelligent manufacturing. In recent years, 3D printing industry is developing rapidly, the market size in 2013 from 320 million US dollars in development by 2018 to $ 2.36 billion, five-year compound growth rate of 49.1%.
2013–2018 China’s 3D printing industry scale and compound annual growth rate
3D printing core components imported domestic enterprises have greater room for improvement. In recent years, as technology advances in the aerospace, automotive and other, more complex structure of their components, for component performance requirements also higher, traditional metal cutting methods are faced with severe challenges. Compared to conventional manufacturing methods Save material, 3D printing, to achieve complex forming components, it is representative of the art manufacturing techniques disruptive. However, the domestic 3D printing started late, with the number of firms are small-scale, dedicated print new materials and core components heavily dependent on imports, the key technology controlled by others. 2018 China 3D printing industry revenue ranked first in three-dimensional Shining3D revenue was 3.63 billion yuan, only 7% of the international giant Stratasys, import substitution there is a large room for improvement. Laser cutting metal-cutting machine tools is the mainstream product, the total global sales of machine tools ratio reached 52.48 percent, metal-cutting machine tools can be applied not only to the field of electric power, shipbuilding, aerospace, etc., can also be used in electronics, automobile, new energy, textile other sectors of automation equipment manufacturing. After a volatile activity in 2011-2017, by car, 3C and other major downstream industry boom of the decline in fixed asset investment growth and continued weakness in China’s machine tool incremental market continues to shrink,2018 sales of metal cutting machine tools fell by 24% and 25%, respectively, the first half of 2019 were down about 10% year on year.
2011–2019 China’s production and sales of metal cutting machine
As a laser machining precision, high-efficiency material processing methods, as the laser device technology improved, more widely, the traditional tool for metal cutting machine replacement rate is expected to rise. Laser cutting is assumed to enhance efficiency than conventional metal cutting machine 3 times, the upper limit of the total holdings of about 325 million units, assuming a 15% penetration rate, respectively, 25%, 50%, average price of a single laser 26/13/65000 yuan the laser market is estimated that the total capacity of the space was used for metal cutting up to 400 billion yuan.
laser cutting machine tool market capacity is estimated
Intelligent Manufacturing Systems Solutions Intelligent Manufacturing Systems solutions provider play a crucial advance in the manufacturing process intelligence in action. Since the Intelligent Manufacturing implementation of the project for three years, the top-level planning, pilot demonstration, standard system to effectively promote our country, and gradually the whole society intelligent manufacturing atmosphere. 2017, China Intelligent Manufacturing Systems solutions market reached 128 billion yuan, an increase of 20.8%; 2018 market size of about 156 billion yuan, an increase of 21.9%.
2015– 2020 China Intelligent Manufacturing Systems solutions market size, growth rate and forecast
continue to promote the user to benefit from digital construction for part of the research and development, logistics, service and other intelligent manufacturing system solutions are strengthening , the proportion of the relevant aspects of the application of intelligent manufacturing systems solutions has improved. The top five intelligent manufacturing system solutions are: flexible assembly systems, and processing aspects of digital systems, intelligent transport systems, intelligent storage systems and enterprise resource planning (ERP), accounting for respectively 18%, 13%, 10%, 9%, 8%.
China Intelligent Manufacturing Systems Solutions market segments
intelligent manufacturing technology behind the development trend of forcing the transformation and upgrading of China’s manufacturing industry, while , only to master the technology, it can be changed Situation labor-intensive industries. The main direction of the transformation of the manufacturing sector for the intelligent manufacturing, there are five characteristics, first, the performance of intelligent machines to a certain extentThe independence, autonomy and individuality, and even coordinated operation and competition between each other; second, man-machine integration on the one hand highlight the centrality of man in the manufacturing system, as well as in cooperation with intelligent machines, better play the human potential; the rest were combined with virtual reality technology, ultra-flexible and self-organizing and self-learning ability and maintenance capabilities. Intelligent Manufacturing can not only increase productivity, but to a certain extent, can truly liberate the productive forces. China is also equipped with the intelligent manufacturing systems as the main direction of the current development of the manufacturing sector.
The main features of intelligent manufacturing equipment systems
intelligent equipment manufacturing will be reflected in five directions, each corresponding to the direction of development involves two specific areas of real intelligence, it is equipped with intelligent process from production to services. First of all, intelligent mode of production, in the mode of production, smart factories and smart devices can be truly universal and is equipped with intelligent production. Second, intelligent products is reflected in the new industry of artificial intelligence chips, sensors, machine vision and so on. In addition, customized production and product traceability will become a new form of a new model of intelligent manufacturing; intelligent management requires a combination of artificial intelligence in the areas of production management and logistics management and other enabling machines to achieve, so that management efficiency at the same time there is a greater degree of improvement. Finally, the service will synchronize intelligent, embodied in the on-line monitoring, remote diagnostics and cloud services. Overall, the complete realization of intelligent manufacturing equipment mainly through three stages, intelligent factory to the final digital factory automation factory.
China’s development direction of intelligent manufacturing equipment industry and stage
in the future, our intelligent manufacturing equipment showing automation, integration, information technology, green trends. Reflected in the automation equipment to complete the manufacturing process automation based on user requirements, and manufactured objects and highly adaptive manufacturing environment, optimize the manufacturing process; integration is reflected in the production process technology, hardware, software and application integration technology and equipment sets and nano, new energy and other high-tech integrated interdisciplinary, so that the device escalating; the information reflected in the sensor technology, computer technology, software technology “embedded” in equipment, to achieve performance improvement of equipment and “smart” ; and finally green is mainly reflected in the design, manufacturing, packaging, transportation, use to scrap the entire life cycle, the negative impact on the environment is extremely small, so that enterprises optimize the coordination of economic and social benefits.